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Sejarah Komputer

27 Sep
Timeline
1904 Sir John Ambrose Fleming invents the vacuum tube and diode.
1939 John Atanasoff and Clifford Berry invent the first electronic computer at Iowa State University. In 1973 a judge in a patent infringement suit would rule that this research was the idea source for the modern computer.
1940 Konrad Zuse in Germany develops the first programmable calculator using binary numbers and Boolean logic. His program runs on a paper tape.
1943 The world’s first electronic valve programmable logic calculator, the Colossus, is built in Britain for the purpose of breaking Nazis codes. On average, Colossus deciphers a coded message in two hours.
1945 Alan Turing publishes his paper on the Universal Machine, laying out the principles of the modern computer.
1945 John Von Neumann, working independently of Turing, writes a document describing the stored-program computer, the basis for the computer industry.
1946 ENIAC, the first electronic digital computer put into operation.
1947 John Bardeen, Walter H. Brattain, and William B. Shockley of Bell Telephone Laboratories invent the transistor.
1949 Bell Labs publishes Shannon’s theory of relay logic.
1951 UNIVAC becomes the first commercial computer.
1952 The first database is implemented on RCA’s Bizmac computer.
1952 Admiral Grace Hopper develops the first computer compiler, leading to the creation of user-friendly languages and opening the door to a larger universe of computer applications and users.
1954 Gene Amdahl develops the first computer operating system for the IBM 704.
1955 Reynold Johnson develops the first disk drive.
1957 FORTRAN becomes commercially available.
1958 Jack Kilby of Texas Instruments invents the integrated circuit (IC).
1958 Seymour Cray of Control Data Corp. develops the first transistorized computer.
1958 ALGOL computer language, a high-level language designed specifically for programming scientific computations, comes into use.
1959 COBOL computer language is created.
1961 Silicon chips first appear.
1962 First minicomputer comes into use.
1963 Douglas Englebart, SRI, patents the idea of the computer mouse.
1964 IBM releases its Model 360 computer, which will result in $100 billion in sales over its life cycle.
1964 John Kemeny and Thomas Kurtz develop the BASIC computer language. Intel Chairman Gordon Moore suggests that integrated circuits would double in complexity every 18 months. This later becomes known as Moore’s Law and is applied to microprocessor speed.
1965 Digital Equipment Corp. (DEC) introduces PDP-8 minicomputer.
1969 PASCAL computer language.
1971 Intel introduces its popular 4004 4-bit microprocessor, starting the evolution of Intel’s famous line of 386, 486, and Pentium processors.
1973 Xerox develops first Ethernet Local Area Network (LAN) technology.
1975 Bill Gates and Paul Allen found Microsoft.
1976 Steve Jobs and Steve Wozniak form the Apple Computer Company.
1976 Alan Shugart, IBM, invents the 5.25-inch floppy.
1979 Dan Bricklin introduces the Visicalc spreadsheet.
1980 Philip Estridge, IBM, develops the first hard drive for PCs. It holds 10MB.
1981 IBM introduces the PC.
1982 First IBM-compatible PC clone is introduced by Columbia Data Systems.
1983 Apple Computer introduces the Macintosh computer. Microsoft releases Microsoft Windows 1.0.
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4 Comments

Posted by on September 27, 2005 in .: IT abizsz

 

4 responses to “Sejarah Komputer

  1. Sejarah Komputer

    October 15, 2008 at 4:54 pm

    Terima kasih atas adanya informasi ini, cukup membantu saya memahami sejarah komputer secara singkat dan padat.

     
  2. Herman Ginzel, M.Th

    January 13, 2009 at 3:57 am

    Terima kasih dengan artikel computer historis, telah membantu saya mengetahui seluk beluk sejarah perkembangan komputer untuk menjadi bahan ajar di sekolah.

     
  3. faisalbk

    March 1, 2011 at 12:33 am

    sama sama :)

     
  4. JOJO

    July 25, 2011 at 11:00 am

    terima kasih atas info sejarah komputer.

     

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